WIKI.Sai_Bhonsale



Source Information

  • Title WIKI.Sai_Bhonsale 
    Short Title WIKI.Sai_Bhonsale 
    Author Wikipedia 
    Publisher Wikipedia 
    Repository WIKI.EN 
    Source ID S5 
    Linked to Sakhubai Nimbalkar Naik
    Family: Mudhojirao Nimbalkar Naik, II / Reubai Nimbalkar Naik
    Family: Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosale / Saibai Bhosale 


  • Maharani Saibai Bhosale
    Maharani of the Maratha Empire
    Rajmata Shrimant Chatrapati Saibai Shivajiraje Bhosale
    A 2012 artist's rendition of Maharani Saibai[1]
    Tenure 1640-1659
    Successor Soyarabai
    Born Saibai Nimbalkar
    c. 29 October 1633
    Phaltan, Ahmadnagar Sultanate (present-day Maharashtra, India)
    Died September 5, 1659 (aged 26)
    Rajgad Fort, Pune, Maratha Empire (present-day Maharastra, India)
    Spouse
    (m. 1640)
    Issue Sakhubai Nimbalkar
    Ranubai Jadhav
    Ambikabai Mahadik
    Sambhaji
    Names
    Chatrapati Saibai Shivajiraje Bhosale
    House Nimbalkar (by birth)
    Bhosale (by marriage)
    Father Mudhoji Rao Naik Nimbalkar
    Mother Reubai
    Religion Hinduism

    Saibai Bhosale (née Nimbalkar) (c. 1633[1] – 5 September 1659) was the first wife and chief consort of Chattrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire. She was the mother of her husband's successor Chattrapati Sambhaji.

    Family

    Saibai was a member of the prominent Nimbalkar family, whose members were the rulers of Phaltan from the era of the Pawar dynasty[citation needed] and served the Deccan sultanates and the Mughal Empire. She was a daughter of the fifteenth Raja of Phaltan, Mudhojirao Naik Nimbalkar, and a sister of the sixteenth Raja, Bajaji Rao Naik Nimbalkar.[2] Saibai's mother Reubai was from the Shirke family.

    Marriage

    Rani Saibai and Shivaji Maharaj were married while still in their childhood on 16 May 1640 at Lal Mahal, Pune.[3][4] The marriage was arranged by his mother, Jijabai; but was evidently not attended by his father, Shahaji nor his brothers, Sambhaji and Ekoji. Thus, Shahaji soon summoned his new daughter-in-law, son, and his mother, Jijabai, to Bangalore, where he lived with his second wife, Tukabai.[5] Shahaji held a grand wedding ceremony at Bangalore.[6]

    Rani Saibai and Shivaji Raje shared a close relationship with each other. She is said to have been a wise woman and a loyal consort to him.[7] By all accounts, Saibai was a beautiful, good-natured, and affectionate woman. She is described as having been a "gentle and selfless person."[8]

    All of her endearing personal qualities, however, were a sharp contrast to Shivaji‘s second wife, Soyarabai, who was an intriguing lady.[9][10] She also had significant influence over her husband and the royal family as well. Saibai is reported to have acted as a counsel to Shivaji when he was invited by Mohammed Adil Shah, the king of Bijapur, for a personal interview.[11] During Saibai's life time, the entire household of Shivaji bore a homogeneous atmosphere despite the fact that most of his marriages were performed due to political considerations.[10]

    After Saibai's untimely death in 1659 followed by Jijabai's death in 1674, Shivaji's private life became clouded with anxiety and unhappiness.[12] Although Soyarabai had gained prominence in the royal household following their deaths, she was not an affectionate consort like Saibai, whom Shivaji had dearly loved.[13]

    Saibai remained Shivaji's favorite till he died. A great source of inspiration to him, legend has it that "Sai" was the last word he uttered on his deathbed.[1]

    Issue

    During the course of their nineteen years of marriage, Saibai and Shivaji became parents of four children: Sakavarbai (nicknamed "Sakhubai"), Ranubai, Ambikabai, and Sambhaji. Sakhubai was married to her first-cousin, Mahadji, the son of Saibai's brother, Bajaji Rao Naik Nimbalkar[citation needed]. Ranubai married into the Jadhav family. Ambikabai married Harji Raje Mahadik in 1668.[14] Saibai's fourth issue was her only son, Sambhaji, who was born in 1657 and was Shivaji's eldest son and thus, his heir-apparent. The birth of Sambhaji was an occasion of great joy and significance in the royal household for many different reasons.[15][better source needed]

    Death

    Saibai died in 1659 in Rajgad Fort while Shivaji Maharaj was making preparations for his meeting with Afzal Khan at Pratapgad. She was ill from the time she gave birth to Sambhaji and her illness became serious preceding her death. Sambhaji was taken care by her trustworthy Dhaarau. Sambhaji was two years old at the time of his mother's death and was brought up by his paternal grandmother, Jijabai.[16] Saibai's samadhi is situated at Rajgad Fort.

    References

    1. 1 2 3 Tare, Kiran (June 16, 2012). "First-ever portrait of Shivaji's queen to be unveiled soon". India Today. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
    2. Katamble, V.D. (2003). Shivaji the Great. Pune: Dattatraya Madhukar Mujumdar, Balwant Printers. p. 36. ISBN 9788190200004.
    3. Balkrishna Deopujari, Murlidhar (1973). Shivaji and the Maratha Art of War. Vidarbha Maharashtra Samshodhan Mandal. p. 35.
    4. Gordon, Stewart (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. Cambridge University. p. 60. ISBN 9780521268837.
    5. Rana, Bhawan Singh (2004). Chhatrapati Shivaji (1st ed.). New Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books. p. 19. ISBN 9788128808265.
    6. B. Muddachari (1966). "Maratha Court in the Karnatak". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. 28: 177–179. JSTOR 44140420.
    7. Sen, Surendra Nath (1930). Foreign Biographies of Shivaji Volume 2 of Extracts and Documents relating to Maratha History. K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Company Limited. p. 165.
    8. Kincaid, Dennis (1987). The History of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj: The Grand Rebel. Karan Publications. p. 78.
    9. Sardesai, H. S. (2002). Chh.Shivaji Maharaj, the Great Maratha (1. publ. ed.). Cosmo Publ. p. 1011. ISBN 9788177552881.
    10. 1 2 Vaidya, Sushila (2000). Role of Women in Maratha politics : 1620-1752 A.D. (1. publ. ed.). Sharada Publ. House. p. 77. ISBN 9788185616674.
    11. Kulkarni, A. R. (1996). Medieval Maratha country (1. publ. ed.). [New Delhi: Books & Books]. p. 20. ISBN 9788185016498.
    12. Sardesai, Govind Sakharam (1957). New History of the Marathas: Chh.Shivaji Maharaj and his line (1600-1707). Phoenix Publications. p. 263.
    13. Kincaid, Dennis (1937). The Grand Rebel: An Impression of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj, Founder of the Maratha Empire. Collins. pp. 162, 176.
    14. Charles Augustus Kincaid, Dattātraya Baḷavanta Pārasanīsa (1922). A History of the Maratha People: From the death of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj to the death of Shahu. S. Chand. p. 44.
    15. Joshi, P.S. (1980). Chhatrapati Sambhaji, 1657-1689 A.D. S. Chand. pp. 3, 4.
    16. Mehta, J. L. (2005). Advanced study in the history of modern India, 1707-1813. Slough: New Dawn Press, Inc. pp. 45, 47. ISBN 9781932705546.
    17. "Shivpatni Saibai, Sadashiv Sivade". Sahyadribooks.org. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
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