Source Information

  • Title Marichi 
    Short Title WIKI.Marichi 
    Author Wiki 
    Publisher Wikipedia 
    Call Number 
    Repository WIKI.EN 
    Source ID S106 
    Linked to Marichi
    Family: Marichi / Kala 

  • Marichi
    Member of the Saptarishi
    Personal information
    Spouse Kalā, Urna, and Sambhuti[1] Dharmavrata

    Marichi (Sanskrit: मरीचि, romanized: Marīci, lit.'ray of light') or Mareechi or Marishi is the mind-born son of Brahma, and one of the Saptarishi in Hindu mythology. He is also the father of Kashyapa, and the grandfather of the devas and the asuras.

    In Jainism, he is referred to as one of the previous reincarnations of the 24th Tirthankara, Mahavira.[2]


    Saptarishi, a Sanskrit dvigu meaning "seven sages" are the seven rishis who are extolled at many places in the Vedas and Hindu literature. The Vedic Samhitas never enumerate these rishis by name, though later Vedic texts such as the Brahmanas and Upanishads do so. While earlier texts do not mention Marichi as one of the seven, references can be found in the epic Mahabharata. In some parts of India, people believe these are seven stars of the Big Dipper named "Vashista", "Marichi", "Pulastya", "Pulaha", "Atri", "Angiras" and "Kratu". There is another star slightly visible within it, known as "Arundhati". He is considered one among the seven great sages, the saptarishis.[3] Marichi, like some of the other sages, followed the path of worldly duties denouncing total renunciation. He had many children, the notable one being sage Kashyapa.

    Petrification of Dharmavrata

    Dharmavrata was one of the many consorts of the sage. Once, she was asked by her husband to massage his legs, during which he fell asleep. During this time, she was visited by Brahma, upon which she was struck with the dilemma of whether to receive the deity with the proper honours as was custom, or perform her husband's bidding. She chose to attend to the deity. When Marichi observed the absence of his wife, he cursed her to be petrified. She pleaded her innocence, and proved it by performing a penance amid the fires. Vishnu was pleased by her devotion. She requested Vishnu to revert her curse, but Vishnu said that the curse could not be reverted, but the stone she would be turned to would continue to be regarded as Devashila, which would be considered sacred and have the essence of the Trimurti and Lakshmi.[4][5]


    Before the creation started, Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, needed a few people who can be held responsible for the creation of the remaining Universe.[citation needed] Therefore, he is believed to have created ten Prajapatis (Ruler of the people) from his manas (mind) and nine from his body. Marichi is one of the manasputras of Brahma. The ten Prajapatis are as follows:[6]

    1. Marichi
    2. Atri
    3. Angirasa
    4. Pulaha
    5. Pulasthya
    6. Krathu
    7. Vasishta
    8. Prachethasa
    9. Bhrigu
    10. Narada


    The life of Marichi is known more by the account of his descendants, notably by the works of sage Kashyapa. Marichi is then married to Kala, and gave birth to Kashyapa (Kashyapa is also sometimes acknowledged as a Prajapati, who has inherited the right of creation from his father).[6] He is believed to be formed out of the sustained energy of the Hindu god Vishnu. He, along with Narada, is also believed to have visited Bhishma during Mahabharata, when he was lying on the arrow bed. Marichi is also quoted as the adviser of young Dhruva, assisting him in the pursuit of his austerities. His name is featured in multiple Hindu scriptures like the Brahmanda Purana and the Vedas.[5]

    Krishna in the Bhagavad-Gita says, "Of the Ādityas I am Vishnu, of lights I am the radiant sun, of the Maruts I am Marici, and among the stars I am the moon."[7]


    In Jain scriptures, Marichi was the son of Bharata Chakravartin[8] who after many births was born as 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, Mahavira.[2] In his life as Marichi, he became a Jain monk following Rishabhanatha, first tirthankara, but was unable to follow the hard rules of Jain penance. So he took a robe, pedals and an umberalla and founded his own religion, taking Kapila as his first disciple.

    The sage is believed to have officiated the penance of Brahma at Pushkar, found in modern-day Rajasthan.

    See also


    1. 1 2 Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An alphabetical guide. Penguin. p. 245.
    2. 1 2 Dundas 2002, p. 21.
    3. (28 January 2019). "Story of Marīci". Retrieved 4 August 2022.
    4. (28 January 2019). "Story of Marīci". Retrieved 4 August 2022.
    5. 1 2 Sathyamayananda, Swami (2012). Ancient sages. Mylapore, Chennai: Sri Ramakrishna Math. pp. 14–16. ISBN 978-81-7505-356-4.
    6. 1 2 Wilkins, W.J. (2003). Hindu Mythology. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld (P) Limited. p. 370. ISBN 81-246-0234-4.
    7. Bhagavad Gita 10.21 Archived 4 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
    8. Suriji, Acharya Gunaratna (2011). Confession: The Path to Self Liberation. Jingun Aaradhak Trust.


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