Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India


Tree: Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree
Kuru (Sanskrit: कुरु ) was the name of a Indo-Aryan clan in Iron Age Vedic India, and later a republican Mahajanapada state. The Kuru clan was located in the area of modern Haryana state, Delhi and western Uttar Pradesh state in North India. According to ancient texts, the territories of Kuru clan lay between the Rgvedic river Sarasvati and river Ganges and was split into two parts as Kuru-Jangala and Kuru Proper.
The Kuru tribe was formed as a result of the alliance and merge between the Bharata and Puru tribes. [ 1 ] They formed the first political center of the of the Vedic period, with its capital at Hastinapura (as per the Jataka Tales, the later capital of the Kurus was Indraprastha near modern Delhi which extended "seven leagues") and were the center of political power during roughly 1200 to 800 BCE. [ 2 ] Archaeologically, Kuru clan most likely correspond to the Black and Red Ware Culture (BRW) of the 12th to 9th centuries BC and chronologically to the Mantra language Vedic text epoch. At this time, iron first appears in western India (iron is absent in the Rgvedic hymns, and makes its first appearance as śyāma ayas in the Atharvaveda). It was during this era of Kuru clan that the codification and redaction of the Vedic texts began.

The Atharvaveda (XX.127) refers to certain Parikshita as the "Chief of the Kurus". [ 3 ] His son Janamejaya figures in Satapatha Brahmana as well as in the Aitareya Brahmana. The Kurus in association with the Panchala tribes, known as the Kuru-Panchala, are frequently mentioned in the later Vedic literature. After the Early Iron Age, Panchala became the "urban"
center of Vedic civilization. Archaeologically, the Painted Grey Ware (PGW) culture from ca. 900 BC corresponds, and the shift of the political centre from the Kurus to the Panchalas on the Ganges.

At Gautama Buddha's time, the Kuru country was ruled by a titular chieftain (king consul) named Korayvya. The Kurus of the Buddhist period did not occupy the same position as they did in the Vedic period but they continued to enjoy their ancient reputation for deep wisdom and sound health. The Kurus had matrimonial relations with the Yadavas, the Bhojas and the Panchalas. There is a Jataka reference to king Dhananjaya, introduced as a prince from the race of Yudhishtra. Though a well known monarchical people in
the earlier period, the Kurus are known to have switched to a republican form of government during the sixth to fifth century BCE. In the fourth century BCE, Kautiliya's Arthashastra also attests the Kurus following the Rajashabdopajivin (king consul) constitution.

Additionally, according to Aitareya Brahmana, there was another clan called Northern Kurus in the north of Himalayas.


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Ancient Hindu Kingdom

Matches 1 to 10 of 10

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Ancient Hindu Kingdom    Person ID   Tree 
1 Abhimanyu  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I143 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
2 Arjuna  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I108 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
3 Bhima  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I107 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
4 Chitrangada  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I96 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
5 Nakul  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I132 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
6 Pandu  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I103 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
7 Sahadeva  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I133 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
8 Shantanu  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I91 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
9 Vichitravirya  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I97 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 
10 Yudhisthira  Kuru, Ancient Kingdoms, India I105 Hindu Puran Genealogy Tree 

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