Bhosale, Saibai

Female 1633 - 1659  (26 years)


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  • Name Bhosale, Saibai 
    Born 1633  Phaltan, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 5 Sept 1659  Rajgad Fort, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I11  Maratha Empire
    Last Modified 30 May 2014 

    Father Nimbalkar Naik, Mudhojirao II 
    Mother Nimbalkar Naik, Reubai 
    Family ID F10  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Bhosale, Shivaji,   b. 19 Feb 1627, Shivneri Fort, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 Apr 1680, Raigad Fort, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 53 years)  [1
    Married 16 May 1640 
    Children 
     1. Nimbalkar Naik, Sakhubai,   b. 7 Sep 1651, Rajgad Fort, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Jadhav, Ranubai,   b. 1653
     3. Mahadik, Ambikabai,   b. 1655
    +4. Bhosale, Sambhaji,   b. 14 May 1657, Purandar Fort, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Mar 1689, Tulapur - Vadhu, Maharashtra, India Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 31 years)
    Last Modified 30 May 2014 
    Family ID F5  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1633 - Phaltan, Maharashtra, India Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 5 Sept 1659 - Rajgad Fort, Maharashtra, India Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources

    1. [S5]
      WIKI.Sai_Bhonsale, Wikipedia, (Wikipedia).

      Saibai Bhosale
      Maharani of the Maratha Empire
      Rajmata Shrimant Chatrapati Saibai Shivajiraje Bhosale
      A 2012 artist's rendition of Saibai[1]
      Tenure 1640-1659
      Successor Soyarabai
      Born Saibai Nimbalkar
      c. 29 October 1633
      Phaltan, Ahmadnagar Sultanate (present-day Maharashtra, India)
      Died September 5, 1659 (aged 26)
      Rajgad Fort, Pune, Maratha Empire (present-day Maharastra, India)
      Spouse
      (m. 1640)
      Issue Sakhubai Nimbalkar
      Ranubai Jadhav
      Ambikabai Mahadik
      Sambhaji
      House Nimbalkar (by birth)
      Bhosale (by marriage)
      Father Mudhoji Rao Naik Nimbalkar
      Mother Reubai
      Religion Hinduism

      Saibai Bhonsale (née Nimbalkar) (c. 1633[1] – 5 September 1659) was the first wife and chief consort of Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire. She was the mother of her husband's successor Sambhaji.

      Family

      Saibai was a member of the prominent Nimbalkar family, whose members were the rulers of Phaltan from the era of the Pawar dynasty[citation needed] and served the Deccan sultanates and the Mughal Empire. She was a daughter of the fifteenth Raja of Phaltan, Mudhojirao Naik Nimbalkar and a sister of sixteenth Raja, Bajaji Rao Naik Nimbalkar.[2] Saibai's mother Reubai was from the Shirke family. Ravali from Andhra Pradesh being the current last grand daughter of Shivaji and Saibai.

      Marriage

      Saibai and Shivaji were married while still in their childhood on 16 May 1640 at Lal Mahal, Pune.[3][4] The marriage was arranged by his mother, Jijabai; but was evidently not attended by his father, Shahaji nor his brothers, Sambhaji and Ekoji. Thus, Shahaji soon summoned his new daughter-in-law, son and his mother, Jijabai, to Bangalore, where he lived with his second wife, Tukabai.[5] Shahaji held a grand wedding ceremony at Bangalore.[6]

      Saibai and Shivaji shared a close relationship with each other. She is said to have been a wise woman and a loyal consort to him.[7] By all accounts, Saibai was a beautiful, good-natured and an affectionate woman. She is described as having been a "gentle and selfless person."[8]

      All of her endearing personal qualities, however, were a sharp contrast to Shivaji‘s second wife, Soyarabai, who was an intriguing lady.[9][10] She also had significant influence over her husband and the royal family as well. Saibai is reported to have acted as a counsel to Shivaji when he was invited by Mohammed Adil Shah, the king of Bijapur, for a personal interview.[11] During Saibai's life time, the entire household of Shivaji bore a homogeneous atmosphere despite the fact that most of his marriages were performed due to political considerations.[10]

      After Saibai's untimely death in 1659 followed by Jijabai's death in 1674, Shivaji's private life became clouded with anxiety and unhappiness.[12] Although Soyarabai had gained prominence in the royal household following their deaths, she was not an affectionate consort like Saibai, whom Shivaji had dearly loved.[13]

      Saibai remained Shivaji's favourite till he died. A great source of inspiration to him, legend has it that "Sai" was the last word he uttered on his deathbed.[1]

      Issue

      During the course of their nineteen years of marriage, Saibai and Shivaji became parents of four children: Sakavarbai (nicknamed "Sakhubai"), Ranubai, Ambikabai and Sambhaji. Sakhubai was married to her first-cousin, Mahadji, the son of Saibai's brother, Bajaji Rao Naik Nimbalkar[citation needed]. Ranubai married into the Jadhav family. Ambikabai married Harji Raje Mahadik in 1668.[14] Saibai's fourth issue was her only son, Sambhaji, who was born in 1657 and was Shivaji's eldest son and thus, his heir-apparent. The birth of Sambhaji was an occasion of great joy and significance in the royal household for many different reasons.[15][better source needed]

      Death

      Saibai died in 1659 in Rajgad Fort while Shivaji Maharaj was making preparations for his meeting with Afzal Khan at Pratapgad. She was ill from the time she gave birth to Sambhaji and her illness became serious preceding her death. Sambhaji was taken care by her trustworthy Dhaarau. Sambhaji was two years old at the time of his mother's death and was brought up by his paternal grandmother, Jijabai.[16] Saibai's samadhi is situated at Rajgad Fort.

      References

      1. 1 2 3 Tare, Kiran (June 16, 2012). "First-ever portrait of Shivaji's queen to be unveiled soon". India Today. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
      2. Katamble, V.D. (2003). Shivaji the Great. Pune: Dattatraya Madhukar Mujumdar, Balwant Printers. p. 36. ISBN 9788190200004.
      3. Balkrishna Deopujari, Murlidhar (1973). Shivaji and the Maratha Art of War. Vidarbha Maharashtra Samshodhan Mandal. p. 35.
      4. Gordon, Stewart (1993). The Marathas 1600-1818. Cambridge University. p. 60. ISBN 9780521268837.
      5. Rana, Bhawan Singh (2004). Chhatrapati Shivaji (1st ed.). New Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books. p. 19. ISBN 9788128808265.
      6. B. Muddachari (1966). "Maratha Court in the Karnatak". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. Indian History Congress. 28: 177–179. JSTOR 44140420.
      7. Sen, Surendra Nath (1930). Foreign Biographies of Shivaji Volume 2 of Extracts and Documents relating to Maratha History. K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Company Limited. p. 165.
      8. Kincaid, Dennis (1987). The History of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj: The Grand Rebel. Karan Publications. p. 78.
      9. Sardesai, H. S. (2002). Chh.Shivaji Maharaj, the Great Maratha (1. publ. ed.). Cosmo Publ. p. 1011. ISBN 9788177552881.
      10. 1 2 Vaidya, Sushila (2000). Role of Women in Maratha politics : 1620-1752 A.D. (1. publ. ed.). Sharada Publ. House. p. 77. ISBN 9788185616674.
      11. Kulkarni, A. R. (1996). Medieval Maratha country (1. publ. ed.). [New Delhi: Books & Books]. p. 20. ISBN 9788185016498.
      12. Sardesai, Govind Sakharam (1957). New History of the Marathas: Chh.Shivaji Maharaj and his line (1600-1707). Phoenix Publications. p. 263.
      13. Kincaid, Dennis (1937). The Grand Rebel: An Impression of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj, Founder of the Maratha Empire. Collins. pp. 162, 176.
      14. Charles Augustus Kincaid, Dattātraya Baḷavanta Pārasanīsa (1922). A History of the Maratha People: From the death of Chh.Shivaji Maharaj to the death of Shahu. S. Chand. p. 44.
      15. Joshi, P.S. (1980). Chhatrapati Sambhaji, 1657-1689 A.D. S. Chand. pp. 3, 4.
      16. Mehta, J. L. (2005). Advanced study in the history of modern India, 1707-1813. Slough: New Dawn Press, Inc. pp. 45, 47. ISBN 9781932705546.
      17. "Shivpatni Saibai, Sadashiv Sivade". Sahyadribooks.org. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
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